“Elon Musk finally owns Twitter. Here’s what’s next.”

Immediately after far more than 6 months of just one of the most chaotic, large-profile company negotiations in recent memory, it is ultimately authentic: Elon Musk, the richest individual in the world, is in charge of Twitter.

Musk has reportedly fired CEO Parag Agrawal and two other best executives, CFO Ned Segal and head of lawful coverage, have faith in, and security Vijaya Gadde, according to experiences from CNBC the Washington Put up, and the New York Instances. The Washington Put up and Wall Road Journal have claimed that the deal shut Thursday night, though there is no official affirmation from Twitter or Musk at time of publication.

The described acquisition implies Musk, troll commander in main, will avoid a prolonged legal battle that would pressure him to testify in courtroom and expose more possibly embarrassing private texts with his friends about the offer as element of the legal discovery procedure.

And Twitter won’t have to hold out in limbo any lengthier as an orphaned tech enterprise pleading for a person to get possession. It also won’t have to offer with Musk’s general public shitposting directed at the company’s management. (Musk tweeting a poop emoji at Agrawal may well go down as a person of the most juvenile government insults of all time.) In the times foremost up to the offer closing, Musk improved his tone to be a additional friendly troll — on Wednesday, he visited Twitter HQ and created the rounds with staff, which include a stunt in which he tweeted a online video of himself carrying a sink into the office, captioned “Entering Twitter HQ — let that sink in!” and changed his Twitter bio to browse “Chief Twit.”

But if you imagine the Musk-Twitter saga is over, you are sorely mistaken. The genuine drama is yet to come.

Right until reasonably not long ago, Musk’s principal company pursuits were being in developing electric powered cars, rockets, and underground tunnels. Now, he will have to determine out a new, incredibly distinct small business obstacle: how to successfully run a social media system that’s utilized by nearly 400 million persons — including hugely influential planet leaders, journalists, and other public figures — and deal with the political speech moderation troubles that appear with that. Musk also desires to determine out a better business enterprise model for the corporation. Twitter has never ever manufactured nearly as considerably funds as its social media rivals like Fb and YouTube, and together with other important tech providers, it has also witnessed a main drop in its inventory worth in the past 12 months. According to a new report in Reuters, the service’s most energetic and rewarding customers have been leaving in droves since the pandemic.

So significantly, Musk has thrown out a lot of thoughts, generally in the variety of tweets, about how he designs to switch Twitter all around. In this article are some of the most sizeable ones.

Make Twitter a “free speech” platform. Regardless of what that indicates.

Musk’s most consistent messaging about why he needs to purchase Twitter is that he desires it to be an open up electronic town sq. of suggestions, with out intervention. He has explained that he will permit any one to say nearly anything they want on the platform, as extensive as it is lawful.

“I think it’s crucial to have no cost speech and to be equipped to connect freely,” said Musk at a Twitter personnel conference in June that Vox acquired a recording of.

But it is not crystal clear specifically how Musk strategies to execute on his free speech promise, or what he even suggests by it.

The the latest proliferation of “free speech”-themed platforms like Parler, Reality Social, and Gettr have shown that if you enable any person say whatever they want on a social media app, there’s a good chance that app could turn out to be a detest-loaded, poisonous put — which is why even these reasonably a lot more lax platforms have some basic content material moderation insurance policies.

There’s a ton of properly legal things you can say that is disagreeable to glance at: racial slurs, graphic violent information, bullying, spam (additional on that later on). That variety of written content is normally lousy for business enterprise because most users — and advertisers — don’t want to be close to it.

Musk is familiar with this. Which is why he has explained, paradoxically, that he will use algorithms to promote and downrank written content, arguing for “freedom of speech” but not “freedom of achieve.”

“I consider folks need to be permitted to say quite outrageous points that are in the bounds of the legislation, but then that doesn’t get amplified, it doesn’t get, you know, a ton of achieve,” said Musk at the June Twitter workers meeting.

But Musk did not explain how he will choose what type of content material will get attain and what won’t, and how it will be any distinctive from what Twitter currently does. Twitter has extensive struggled with destructive content (as has each other major social media platform) — which include an advertiser boycott in 2020 — and in modern yrs has expanded its insurance policies against detest speech, harassment, and violent content.

On Thursday, Musk appeared to test to handle concerns about his hands-off strategy to content moderation by tweeting a public memo to advertisers. He wrote that Twitter “cannot became a no cost-for-all hellscape, in which anything can be claimed with no effects!” and additional that he wants Twitter to be a put “where you can pick out your desired knowledge in accordance to your choices, just as you can pick out, for instance, to see videos or play video clip game titles ranging from all ages to mature.”

It is unclear, while, how this decide on-your-have-journey approach functions with Musk’s overarching vision for a “common digital town square,” where by folks are debating a wide range of beliefs all in the same area. The stability concerning letting cost-free speech and producing a social media platform a welcoming spot is a challenging one particular, and Musk has a great deal of information in this article he will will need to figure out.

Deliver back again Trump

Musk has said he would reinstate previous President Donald Trump’s Twitter account, which was banned for his tweets about the January 6, 2021, Capitol riot.

“I consider that was a oversight for the reason that it alienated a significant section of the place and did not finally end result in Donald Trump not possessing a voice,” Musk told the Monetary Periods in Could. “Banning Trump from Twitter did not stop Trump’s voice. It will amplify it amongst the right, and that is why it’s morally wrong and flat-out stupid.”

Musk’s comments about bringing back again Trump, paired with his cost-free speech mantra, has built him common with conservatives who have lengthy felt censored by Twitter and other social media firms, inspite of the actuality that there hasn’t been tangible evidence of systematic anti-conservative bias and conservative influencers keep on to have substantial followings on platforms like Twitter.

While quite a few conservatives would cheer Trump’s return to Twitter, it would simultaneously prompt big resistance from folks, several of them liberal, who argue that his tweets pose a risk to a peaceful democracy. We’ll see how Elon is geared up to manage that blowback if he does reinstate the previous president.

Get rid of bots

Musk has promised to correct Twitter’s “bots” challenge — meaning the prevalence of accounts that publish spam or inauthentic written content like crypto get-loaded-brief-schemes and phishing scams.

Bots are a significant known challenge on Twitter, whilst the company has preserved that they signify a lot less than 5 % of all accounts. Musk has said he thinks that amount is a great deal greater, close to 20 % or a lot more, and utilized that as his authorized basis for to begin with backing out of the offer.

Exterior investigation has proven that though the prevalence of bots on Twitter could possibly truly be beneath 5 percent, the arrive at of these bots in discussions all round can be outsized, as large as 20 %.

In contrast to reinstating Trump, having rid of bots is almost certainly also one of Elon’s minimum controversial ideas because it is really hard to find people today who like bots (or at the very least the destructive/spammy types).

“I necessarily mean, frankly a major precedence I would have is eliminating the spam and rip-off bots and the bot armies that are on Twitter,” Musk said at a TED conference in April. “I believe these influence … they make the item a great deal worse. If I experienced a dogecoin for every single crypto scam I noticed, I would have a hundred billion dogecoin.”

Ironically, even while Musk explained a person of the factors he was acquiring Twitter was to get rid of bots, he produced the existence of bots the foundation for his situation to attempt to get out of the Twitter deal, arguing that the enterprise didn’t disclose the complete extent of the difficulty.

Like it or not, bots are now squarely Elon’s problem to resolve.

Make Twitter a “superapp” termed X

Musk experienced stated that he would like to fulfill Twitter’s potential by producing it significantly much more than a social media app: turning it into a “superapp.” The initial superapp is China’s WeChat, which individuals use to do everything from having to pay their costs to purchasing takeout to messaging their close friends.

“You mainly reside on WeChat in China since it’s so practical and so valuable to your each day daily life. And I assume if we could obtain that, or even near to that with Twitter, it would be an enormous achievements,” explained Musk speaking at an all-staff members Q&A with Twitter employees in June that Recode obtained a recording of.

This is by significantly a single of Musk’s most ambitious designs and the closest point he has to a genuine business method. Presently, 90 p.c of Twitter’s revenue is built by way of advertising and marketing. Musk explained he would want to make Twitter less advertising-dependent and make a lot more funds by subscriptions (which Twitter previously does), and possibly, building cash by means of these superapp transactions.

Musk will have levels of competition: Snap’s Evan Spiegel and Uber have also been pursuing the superapp notion.

It could also be a lot harder to establish a genuine superapp in the US than in China, where by there isn’t as substantially antitrust scrutiny halting big communication platforms from setting up cross-industry monopolies.

If Musk is to accomplish any of these objectives, he will need to have sensible men and women at Twitter to support him. With an previously demoralized workers and his claimed approach to cut 75 p.c of the employee base, that’s heading to be difficult.

In discussions with many present-day and former Twitter staff members, staff described a climate of chaos and uncertainty. Some personnel circulated a petition on Tuesday protesting Musk’s options to slash 75 percent of Twitter’s workforce, and “to not be treated as mere pawns in a game performed by billionaires.”

One latest personnel, who questioned not to be named for concern of repercussions for speaking with the press, said that everyone they know at the firm is either “leaving or planning to leave.”

Many resources Recode spoke to found it implausible that Musk could effectively maintain Twitter working with the sorts of drastic team reductions he’s reportedly planned.

“It’s not only functions that will be hit. It normally takes many individuals and relocating parts to meet up with essential regulatory and lawful compliance in numerous elements of the entire world. How does [Musk] strategy to continue to do that?” mentioned Sarah T. Roberts, a former researcher at Twitter who remaining the company just lately and is now a professor of data research at UCLA.

One Twitter engineer, Manu Cornet, has been posting cartoons on his blog site that reflect the present mood at Twitter.

In one sketch, Cornet drew passengers sitting down on a Twitter-branded airplane, crouched and bracing for impression.

If there’s a person detail we know by now in subsequent the Elon-Twitter offer, it is that what Musk suggests he’ll do can be incredibly unique from what he really finishes up executing. But in the subsequent number of months, Twitter staff and Twitter people really should be organized for turbulent periods.